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MySQL Query Profiler; Better late than never

February 3rd, 2009 Leave a comment Go to comments

One of the great things about MySQL is the superior innovation model that’s used to deliver database server software. Rather than relying solely on internal engineers who create and maintain a piece of software (as in a traditional software company), MySQL partners with the millions of active users across the world who take advantage of the open source model and daily extend the MySQL server to do new and pioneering things. These innovations can then be submitted to MySQL AB, tested, validated, and rolled into the database server so everyone can benefit from the creativity of the very active MySQL community.

An example of this model in action is the recent release of a new SQL diagnostic facility that assists in the debugging and analysis of running SQL – the SQL Profiler. The new profiler became available in the 5.0.37 version of the MySQL Community Server and was created and submitted by Jeremy Cole of Proven Scaling (http://www.provenscaling.com/).

Let’s take a look at this new diagnostic utility Jeremy developed and see how it can help you create high-performing SQL code as well as assist in troubleshooting existing queries that aren’t providing the response times you’d like.

The Best Way to Diagnose Performance Problems

When it comes to overall performance, it’s important to remember that the #1 contributor is always a good database design. The second highest contributor to performance is well-tuned SQL code. Some try and switch the two in priority, but this is a mistake because a bad design has the potential to simply drown even the best-tuned SQL code (e.g. you can’t get index access in your SQL queries if the physical index design is poorly done). But make no mistake – bad SQL code that’s introduced into an otherwise well-running database can make a real train wreck of things.

So how do you go about analyzing database performance? There are three forms of performance analysis that are used to troubleshoot and tune database systems:

  1. Bottleneck analysis – focuses on answering the questions: What is my database server waiting on; what is a user connection waiting on; what is a piece of SQL code waiting on?
  2. Workload analysis – examines the server and who is logged on to determine the resource usage and activity of each.
  3. Ratio-based analysis – utilizes a number of rule-of-thumb ratios to gauge performance of a database, user connection, or piece of code.

Of the three, bottleneck analysis is the most efficient approach in terms of fast problem resolution. By determining where the server, a user connection, or set of SQL code is spending its time, you can then work to eliminate the discovered blockages, increase throughput, and reduce overall response times. Unfortunately, this hasn’t always been easy in MySQL because the server hasn’t traditionally exposed the type of wait-based and resource statistics to quickly uncover bottlenecks.

But a better day has come along in MySQL 5.0.37 with the inclusion of the SQL Profiling utility. This interactive diagnostic aid allows a developer or DBA to gain insight into where a set of SQL code spends its time and the resources it is using. The best way to see the power of this new utility is to walk through some examples of how it’s used and see the clear benefits it supplies, so let’s do just that.

rschumacherRobin Schumacher is MySQL’s Director of Product Management and has over 13 years of database experience in DB2, MySQL, Oracle, SQL Server and other database engines. Before joining MySQL, Robin was Vice President of Product Management at Embarcadero Technologies.

Read the full article at Mysql Developer Articles

Open PHP MyProfiler is just a trial to run query profiling on a php-mysql application, without changing the architecture too much. Any one who needs to do the analysis could make use of the same by downloading the profiler, and implementing with their code. The profiler would create logs depending on hostname and date. upload the profile logs to our Profile Sampler and you should be able to see the full profile of your application.

The Kerala’s favourite portal Keralaonline was built on top of the popular blogging and content managment system WordPress. With about 30K hits per day, and 8000 entries across 100+ categories and video clips, the site started to slow down by about the end of March. This gave a spark, and the Open PHP MyProfiler, was built originally to run sql profiling on keralaonline.com.

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